Key Terms for The Central Dogma

Chromosomes (Autosomes, Sex Chromosomes)
Genes, Gene Expression
Alleles
Genetic Test
Replication
DNA Polymerase
Transcription
RNA Polymerase
mRNA, tRNA, rRNA
Translation
Ribosome
Codon
Anticodon
Reading Frame
Genetic Code (and its Universality)
Mutation
OPTIONAL: Kinds of Mutations: Insertion, Deletion, Substitution, Silent, Nonsense, Missense, Frameshift
Genetic Disease
Genetic Testing (Genetic Screening, DNA Testing)
Dominant vs. Recessive Alleles (especially in connection to genetic diseases)
Genotype & Phenotype
Gene Therapy
Genetic Engineering
Genetically Modified Organism

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